Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum (THE SEALED NECTAR)

by Saifur Rahman al-Mubarakpuri

Jamia Salafia – India Translated by Issam Diab Maktaba Dar-us-Salam Publishers and Distributors Saudi Arabia§ UK § USA § Pakistan

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Publisher Note
Author’s Note
Certificate
Location and nature of Arab Tribes

Location of the Arabs
Arab Tribes

Rulership and Princeship among the Arabs

Rulership in Yemen
Rulership in Heerah
Rulership in Geographical Syria
Rulership in Hijaz
The Reasons of this war have been illustrated in three versions
Rulership in Pan-Arabia
The political situation

Religions of the Arabs

The Religious situation

Aspects of Pre-Islamic Arabian Society

Social life of the Arabs
The Economic Situation
Ethics

The Lineage and Family of Muhammad [pbuh]

The prophetic Family

Muhammad’s Birth and Forty years prior Prophethood

His Birth
Babyhood
Back to his passionate Mother
To His compassionate Grandfather
Bahira, the Monk
The Sacrilegious wars
Al-Fudoul confederacy
Muhammad’s Early Job
His Marriage to Khadijah
Rebuilding Al-Ka‘bah and the Arbitration Issue
A Rapid Review of Muhammad’s Biography before commissioning of the Prophethood

In the Shade of the Message and Prophethood

In the Cave of Hira’
Gabriel brings down the Revelation
Interruption of Revelation
Once more, Gabriel brings Allah’s Revelation
Some details pertinent to the successive stages of Revelation
Proclaiming Allah, the All-High; and the Immediate Constituents

Phases and stages of the call
The First Stage: Strife in the Way of the Call

Three years of Secret Call
The Early Converts
As-Salat (the Prayer)
The Quraishites learn about the Call

The Second Phase: Open Preaching

First Revelation regarding the Preaching
Calling the Closest Kinspeople
On Mount As-Safa
Shouting the Truth and the Polytheists’ Reaction
An Advisory Council to debar Pilgrims from Muhammad’s Call
Attempts made to check the Onward March of Islam
Persecutions
The House of Al-Arqum
The First Migration to Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Quraish’s Machination against the Emigrants
Once more Quraish approaches Abu Talib
The Tyrants’ Decision to kill the Prophet [pbuh]
The Conversion of Hamzah bin ‘Abdul-Muttalib
The Conversion of ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab
Quraish’s Representative negotiates with the Messenger of Allah SWT
Abu Talib assmbles Bani Hashim and Bani Al-Muttalib

General Social Boycott

A Pact of Injustice and Aggression

The Final Phase of the Diplomacy of Negotiation
The Year of Grief

Abu Talib’s Death
Khadijah passes away to the Mercy of Allah
His Marriage to Sawdah [R] in Shawwal, the tenth year of Prophethood

Factors inspiring patience and perserverance

The Third Phase: Calling unto Islam beyond Makkah

Islam being introduced to Arabian Tribes and Individuals
Hope inspiring Breezes from the Madinese
Marriage of the Prophet [pbuh] to ‘Aisha [R]

Al-Isra’ and Al-Mir‘raj
The First ‘Aqabah Pledge

The Muslim Envoy in Madinah

The Second ‘Aqabah Pledge
The Vanguard of Migration (in the Cause of Allah)
In An-Nadwah (Council) House The Parliament of Quraish
Migration of the Prophet [pbuh]

Life in Madinah
The First Phase: The Status Quo in Madinah at the Time of Emigration
A New Society being built

A Charter of Islamic Alliance

A Cooperation and Non-Aggression Pact with the Jews
The Prophet on the Battlefield

Pre-Badr Missions and Invasions

The Battle of Badr – The First Decisive Battle in the History of Islam

Reason of the Battle
Some Significant Instances of Devotion
Reaction in Makkah
Madinah receives the News of Victory
The Battle of Badr in its Qur’anic Context

The Military Activities between Badr and Uhud

Al-Kudr Invasion
An Attempt on the Life of the Prophet [pbuh]
Invasion of Bani Qainuqa‘
The Qainuqa‘ Jews breach the Covenant
As-Sawiq Invasion
Dhi Amr Invasion
Ka‘b bin Al-Ashraf, killed
The Invasion of Buhran
Zaid bin Harithah leads a Compaign on the Trade Routes of Quraish

The Battle of Uhud

A Consultation Assembly for a Defence Plan
Dividing the Islamic Army into phalanxes and Departure to the Battlefield
Parading the Army
Passing the Night between Uhud and Madinah
The Rebellion of ‘Abdullah bin Ubai and his Followers
The Remainder of the Islamic Army are on the Move to Uhud
The Defence Plan
The Messenger of Allah SWT implants the Spirit of Bravery among his Armed Forces
Recruitment of the Makkan Army
Political Manoeuvres of Quraish
The effort of Quraishite women at waging the Zeal of Men
The Combat
Assassination of Asadullah (the Lion of Allah) Hamzah bin ‘Abdul Muttalib
Bringing the Situation under Control
From his wife’s lap to Sword-fights and Sorrows
The Contribution of the Archers squad to the Battle
The Archers’s Fatal Mistake
The Most Awkward Hour in the Messenger’s Life
Mutilation of the Martyrs
Burial of the Martyrs
Hamrâ’ Al-Asad Invasion
The Observations of the Noble Qur’ân on the Battle of Uhud
Lessons and Moralities

Military Platoons and Missions between the Battle of Uhud and the Battle of the Confederates

Abi Salamah Mission
An Errand led by ‘Abdullah bin Unais
The Event of Ar-Raji‘
The Tragedy of Ma‘una Well
Bani An-Nadeer Invasion
The Invasion of Najd
The Invasion of Badr, the Second
The Invasion of Doumat Al-Jaudal

Al-Ahzab (the Confederates) Invasion
Invading Banu Quraiza
Military Activities continued

Bani Lihyan Invasion
Expeditions and Delegations continued

Bani Al-Mustaliq (Muraisi‘) Ghazwah Sha‘ban 6 Hijri

The treacherous Role of the Hypocrites Prior to the Bani Al-Mustaliq Ghazwah
The wicked Role they played in the Course of the Ghazwah of Bani Al-Mustaliq
The Slander Affair

Delegations and Expeditions following Al-Muraisi‘ Ghazwah
Al-Hudaibiyah Treaty (Dhul Qu‘dah 6 A.H.)

Al-Hudaibiya Treaty: Socio Political Impact

The Second Stage: A New Phase of Islamic Action
The Prophet’s Plans to spread the Message of Islam to beyond Arabia

A Deputation to Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Letter to the Vicegerent of Egypt, called Muqawqas
A Letter to chosroes, Emperor of Persia
The Envoy to Caesar, King of Rome
A Letter to Mundhir bin Sawa, Governor of Bahrain
A Letter to Haudha bin ‘Ali, Governor of Yamama.
A Letter to Harith bin Abi Shamir Al-Ghassani, King of Damascus
A Letter to the King of ‘Oman, Jaifer, and his Bother ‘Abd Al-Jalandi

Post-Hudaibiyah Hostilities
Dhu Qarad Invasion
The Conquest of Khaibar (in Moharram, 7 A.H.)

The Actual operation begins
The Second Part of Khaibar Conquered
Negotiations
Distribution of Spoils

Sporadic Invasions

The Expedition called Dhat-ur-Riqa‘ (in the year 7 A.H.)

The Compensatory ‘Umrah (Lesser Pilgrimage)
The Battle of Mu’tah

Dhat As-Salasil Compaign
Khadrah Campaign

The Conquest of Makkah

Pre-conquest Events
Preparations for the Attach on Makkah, and the Prophet’s Attempt at imposing a News Black-out

The Third Stage
Hunain Ghazwah

The Enemy’s march and their Encampment at Awtas
The war-experienced Man wrongs the Leader’s Judgement
Reconnoitering the Weapons of the Messenger of Allah SWT
Reconnoitering the Enemy’s Weapons
The Messenger of Allah SWT leaves Makkah for Hunain
The Islamic Army stunned the Archers and the Attackers
Muslims’ return to the Battlefield, and the fierceness of the Fight
Reverse of Fortunes and the Enemy’s utter Defeat
Hot pursuit of the Enemy
Ta’if Compaign
The Distribution of the Booty at al-Ji‘ranah
The Helpers (Al-Ansar) are furious at the Messenger of Allah SWT
Arrival of the Hawazin Delegation
Lesser Pilgrimage (Al-‘Umrah) to Makkah and leaving for Madinah

Missions and Platoons After the Conquest

The Platoons

The Invasion of Tabuk in Rajab, in the year 9 A.H.

The underlying Reasons
General News about the Byzantines and Ghassanide Preparations for War
Particular News about the Byzantine and Ghassanide preparations for War
The Muslim Army is leaving for Tabuk
The Army of Islam at Tabuk
Returning to Madinah
The People Who lagged Behind
The Invasion of Tabuk and its Far-Reaching Ramifications
The Qur’ânic Verses Relating to this Invasion
Some Important Events that featured that Year

Abu Bakr [R] performs the Pilgrimage
A Meditation on the Ghazawat
People embrace the Religion of Allah in Large Crowds
The Delegations
The Success and Impact of the Call
The Farewell Pilgrimage
The Last Expeditions

The Journey to Allah, the Sublime

Symptoms of Farewell
The Start of the Disease
The Last Week
Five days before death
Four days before his death
A Day or Two prior to Death
A Day before his Death
The Last day Alive
The Prophet [pbuh] breathes his Last
The companions’ concern over the Prophet’s Death
Umar’s Attitude
Abu Bakr’s Attitude
Burial and Farewell Preparations to his Honourable Body

The Prophet Household
The Prophet [pbuh] , Attributes and Manners

Beauty of creation
The perfection of Soul and Nobility

~ by evisyari on July 15, 2008.

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